Archaic hoes, shovels, rakes and other digging sticks are gradually becoming a thing of the past. Garden cultivators automate the routine, relieve a person from heavy, monotonous and back-damaging work. Manufacturers offer hundreds of models that differ significantly from each other in capabilities and technical characteristics. In this guide, we will figure out what classes of cultivators are and how to choose the best model for your garden.
Electric models are 5-7 kg lighter and more agile than their gasoline counterparts, they do not require fuel and oil to lubricate the engine, and are easy to prepare for starting work. They are relatively quiet, vibrate less and bounce less when moving. Main disadvantage: the wire that restricts freedom of movement, gets tangled and clings, may be short.
Electric cultivators are easily handled by women and the elderly. Such models are convenient to use in small areas up to 3 acres. It is possible to process 6-10 acres with a medium-weight unit, you will need a large coil of electrical wire for 40-50 meters and the ability not to get tangled in the wires.
Gasoline cultivators require more attention - before starting it is necessary to check the oil level, refill with gasoline. During the startup process, you need to perform a certain sequence of actions and configure the device according to the instructions.
In many medium to heavy cultivators, the engine starting handle is stiff and requires serious physical effort. You can buy a model with an electric starter (electric start). Before starting work, it is imperative to adjust the intensity of the fuel supply and the smoothness of the throttle stick.
After completion of work, before sending the unit for long-term storage, it is necessary to lubricate all mechanical parts with a thin layer of oil.
Most of the parameters are only relevant for medium to large areas with difficult soil. You should not buy a powerful and heavy cultivator for a plot of up to 6 acres, it is easier to plow with a tract once and then dig it up with a light model. If it is not possible to use heavy agricultural machinery or if you plan to equip the unit with equipment for weeding, plowing and hilling, take a look at medium-sized cultivators with a speed switch.
The performance and durability of the cultivator depends on the type of gearbox. All gearboxes are divided into 3 types, differing in the type of transmission: worm, chain, gear.
The worm gearbox is mounted on a motor with a shaft pointing downwards. It is characterized by high efficiency, but it is afraid of loads, it quickly overheats. It is easily damaged when the cutter collides with stones, concrete, reinforcement - the impact force is transmitted to the engine. Undesirable to use with attachments.
The chain-type gearbox is installed on most cultivators - it is a relatively simple, durable and inexpensive design. The main disadvantage is that the rotation speed is too high.
Since the chain hardly dampens the engine speed, the cutter moves at a speed of 120–160 rpm, turning the earth into fluff. To compensate for the high rpm, lugs can be attached. If the load is too heavy, the chain may break.
Gear - the most expensive type of gearboxes, capable of working without repair for over 2000 hours.
This type of transmission is characterized by vibration and loud sound. It makes sense to buy cultivators with a gear reduction only for processing large fields using attachments.
The gear -chain reducer is a hybrid of the two types, usually paired with a gearbox to adjust the speed. With such a gearbox, you can safely plow virgin soil and use any attachments for cultivators: hillers , lugs , potato diggers .