Addiction to any substance (alcohol, drugs, gambling) is a disease like any other and realizing it is the basis of therapy. Thanks to this, the patient's active participation in the therapy is possible, which significantly facilitates its conduct. The motives to fight the addiction vary, but it is important that the idea of starting therapy comes from the addict himself. According to therapists, treatment of addiction has a chance of success only when the patient has thoroughly considered the decision to start it.
Mental vs. physical addiction
Addiction should be viewed as a complex disease, and above all one that can affect anyone, taking into account the fact that addictive substances are generally available. In order to better understand the problem of addiction, it is necessary to distinguish two types - physical and mental addiction. Addiction can be defined as a strong need to perform some activity or use some substance. Most often, this term is associated with drugs, alcohol or nicotine, but it must not be forgotten that you can also be addicted to television, the Internet, computer games or sex. Usually the addicted person denies the addiction for a long time, but at some point he cannot live without the drug. You have to remember that it is very easy to "get into" addiction, and much harder to "get out of". Addiction is a disease like any other and many times it is impossible to cope with it without the help of a specialist.
Physical dependence, called physiological dependence, is a strong need to take a substance, which manifests itself in many various ailments on the part of the body, such as pain, diarrhea, feeling cold, chills. Failure to take a given substance makes these symptoms very severe, and sometimes even unbearable. This is called withdrawal syndrome. The body reacts to a lack of a substance to which it has become accustomed and without which it is difficult to function. This is how addiction to alcohol, nicotine, opiates or sleeping pills can occur. In order to cure the patient of this type of dependence, it is necessary to detoxify the body. Sometimes abrupt withdrawal from the addictive substance can be dangerous, it can lead to too much shock in the body. In such situations, it is necessary to gradually reduce the dose of a given substance in the body by using medicinal substitutes for the addictive substance.
What are the available drug addiction treatment methods and what determines the choice of method in a specific case? Three forms of therapy are considered to have proven efficacy in Drug Rehabilitation Centre in Mumbai - substitution therapy, abstinence therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. The choice of the method of treating addiction should depend on the type of drug, individual approach to the patient and his therapeutic abilities (commitment, willingness, intellectual abilities, etc.).
Tell the addict about treatment options. Let her decide for herself to treat the addiction. Don't try to force her as it may be counterproductive. Detoxing is not an easy experience. Some people feel humiliated because they have to go to rehab. Therefore, an addicted person may need support, your visits. She needs to know that someone is waiting for her after her treatment is finished. Do not leave the addict after the end of therapy. Support from friends is important, giving you strength and hope for the future.
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